Gynecomastia is known as the female breasts on a man. It occurs commonly during the times of puberty in adolescence when the hormones gradually develop to change and a man gets his secondary characteristics such as hair growth, etc. It is seen that mostly the gynecomastia goes away but for fair amount of patients it is still a matter of concern for their entire life. If it stays, the only treatment available for it is surgery itself.
Sometimes, Gynecomastia is also termed as Pseudogynecomastia which means fat accumulation occurred during a man gains more amount of weight and it shows in the chest. This problem can be diagnosed and treated with effective liposuction alone and the patient can get successful outcomes. The actual gynecomastia needs to have gland excision or you will not get beneficial remedy to the issue.
Causes of Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia is thought to be caused because of the imbalance between androgen and estrogen hormones. It can be caused by unbalancing of the hormone genetic conditions such as the Klinefelter syndrome that actually interferes with the production of testosterone in the body.
The unnecessary growth of the male breast is also linked to certain types of medications which include the ones used in the androgen deprivation therapy for the patients suffering from prostate cancer and also in the anabolic steroids. It can be caused both unilaterally as well as bilaterally and you can characterize it by the level of its tenderness.
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Stages of gynecomastia
Gynecomastia occurs on men at three stages at the infant stage, adolescence, and after the age of 50 because of the regular changes in the hormonal levels. The male newborn babies tend to develop the excessive breast growth because of too much exposure to the maternal hormones through the placenta and half or other male adolescents tend to develop the unwanted breast growth because of the natural hormonal imbalances that occur at the time of puberty.
Getting gynecomastia during puberty can be distressing for boys and that can result in low-self esteem and a reason to feel shy. There are numerous factors that can cause gynecomastia. Conditions of pituitary insufficiency and Klinefelter syndromes that bother the production of testosterone in the male body can be the major cause for gynecomastia.
Reducing the testosterone levels because of the normal aging can also become a ruling factor that lead to gynecomastia in the older men between the age group of 60-70 years old. The testosterone levels tend to decline rapidly if a man is suffering from malnutrition.
Serious conditions that cause gynecomastia and treatment
The more chronic conditions for which the hormonal imbalances occur that ultimately cause gynecomastia are endocrine tumours that consists of pituitary gland tumours, testicular cancer, and adrenocortical tumours, hyperthyroidism, liver and kidney failure as well. The problem can be treated by the hormone therapy if it is a mild case but if a person has been suffering gynecomastia from more than a year, surgery is the ultimate option to get rid of the unwanted breasts in men.